Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. We started working here three years ago. A. We have no longer worked here for three years B. We will work here in three years C. We worked here for three years. D. We have worked here for three years. Correct answer


Answer D

====== QUIZ ENGLISH 12 =====

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Đề thi giữa HK1 môn Sinh học 11 KNTT năm 2023-2024 Trường THPT Phan Bội Châu

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges. John and Daisy are talking about cultural identity. – John: “I think that people should protect their cultural identities.” – Daisy: “ ________ ”

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Although he prepared quite carefully, Luke was still like a cat on hot tin roof before the speaking test.

The phrase “the tip of the iceberg” in paragraph 1 means that ________.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.How is the news different from entertainment? Most people would answer that news is real but entertainment is fiction. However, if we think more carefully about the news, it becomes clear that the news is always not real. The news does not show us all the events of the day, but stories from a small number of chosen events. The creation of news stories is subject to specific constraints, much like the creation of works of fiction. There are many constraints, but three of the most important ones are. commercialism, story formulas, and sources. Newspapers, radio, and TV stations are businesses, all of which are rivals for audiences and advertising revenue. The amount of the average TV station station spends on news broadcasts has grown over the last fifty years – significantly because news is relatively cheap to produce, yet sells plenty of advertising. Some news broadcasts are becoming themselves advertisements. For example, during one week in 1996 when the American CBS network was airing a movie about the sinking of the Titanic, CBS news ran nine stories about that event (which had happened 84 years before). The ABC network is owned by Disney Studios, and frequently runs news stories about Mickey Mouse. Furthermore, the profit motive drives news organizations to pay more attention to stories are likely to generate a large audience, and to shy away from stories that may be important but dull. This pressure to be entertaining has produced shorter, simpler stories. more focus on celebrities than people of substance, more focus on gossip than on news, and more focus on dramatic events than on nuanced issues.As busy people under relentless pressure to produce, cannot spend days agonizing over the best way to stories. Instead, they depend upon certain story formulas, which they can reuse again and again. One example is known as the inverted pyramid. In this formula, the journalist puts the most important information at the beginning of the story, than adds the next most important, and so on. The inverted pyramid originated from the age of the telegraph, the idea being that if the line went dead halfway through the story, the journalist would know that the most crucial information had at least been relayed. Modern still values ​​the formula for a similar reason. Their editors will cut stories if they are too long. Another formula involves reducing a complicated story into a simple conflict. The best example is “horse race” election coverage. Thorough explication of the issues and the candidates’ views is forbiddingly complex. Journalists therefore concentrate more on who is winning in the opinion polls, and whether the underdog can catch up in the numbers than on politicians’ campaign goals.Sources are another constraint on what cover and how they cover it. The dominant sources for news are public information officers in businesses and government offices. The majority of such officers try to establish themselves as experts who are qualified to feed information to experts. How do know who is an expert? In general, they don’t. They use sources not on the basis of actual expertise, but on the appearance of expertise and the willingness to share it. All the major news organizations use some of the same sources (many of them anonymous), so the same types of stories always receive attention. Over time, the people may even become close friends with sources, and they stop searching for alternative points of view. The result coverage to be narrow, homogenized of the same kind.It can be inferred from paragraph 1 that the author of the passage thinks _______.

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