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Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. Like many constructions, it started small; but now thousands of children with autism are making friends and learning social skills by playing a version of online building game Minecraft. Stuart Duncan, a web developer in Timmins, Canada, got the idea through a popular blog he ran about his own experiences with autism as well as bringing up a son with autism. Other parents with autistic children started telling him that their kids were enamoured with a game that let them explore a randomly generated wilderness. However, many of the children were being bullied by other players. So, in 2013, he set up a server to run a version of Minecraft exclusively for children with autism and their families. At first, he thought the invite-only server would attract 10 or 20 people. To his amazement, hundreds requested to join in the first few days. Now, almost three years later, the community boasts nearly 7000 members, along with a team of admins to help manage its many activities. “Parents see such a benefit for themselves and their children,” says Duncan. Everyday social situations can be challenging for autistic children, who may struggle to pick up on social cues or understand another person’s perspective. Minecraft strips away the pressures typical of the real world. There is no noisy or unfamiliar environment to distract you, no pressure to track the other person’s facial expressions or worry about eye contact. “With Minecraft, you can really just be yourself,” he says. To join Autocraft, you must fill out an application. Once approved, you are free to roam the landscape and build your own structures. You can also take part in group games or build things as a team. However, you have to stick to some rules. Harassing other players or destroying their property can get you banned. Joining a community like Autcraft could be a good first step to feeling lesssocial anxious and more engaged, says Elizabeth Laugeson, director of the PEERS Clinic at the University of California, Los Angeles. The server also caught the eye of Kate Ringland at the University of California, Irvine. She sees Autcraft as not just another online community, but as a tool that helps autistic children practise social skills. “There’s a lot of reflection going on,” she says. “Autcraft is supporting a lot of social behaviours.” (Adapted from https://www.newscientist.com/) Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. Defeating Autism: A Story of a Canadian Web Developer Correct Answer B. Minecraft: A Blessing to Children with Autism C. Minecraft versus Autcraft: Two Peas in a Pod? D. Autistic Children Got Bullied: A Mess to Clear Up

Reply:

TRANSLATION: Like many constructions, it started on a small scale; but now there are thousands of children with autism making friends and learning social skills by playing a version of the online construction game Minecraft. Stuart Duncan, a web developer in Timmins, Canada, came up with the idea through a popular blog post where he wrote about his own experiences with autism and raising a son with autism. autism. Other parents of children with autism began to tell him that their children were fascinated by a game that allowed them to explore a random wilderness. However, many children are bullied by other players. So in 2013, he set up a server to run a version of Minecraft just for autistic children and their families. Initially, he thought the invite-only server would attract 10 or 20 people. To his surprise, hundreds of people asked to join in the first few days. Now, nearly 3 years later, the community has nearly 7000 members, along with a team of admins to help manage many activities. “Parents see a benefit for themselves and their children,” Duncan said. Everyday social situations can be difficult for children with autism, who may struggle to absorb social cues or understand another person’s point of view. Minecraft removes the usual pressures of the real world. No noisy or unfamiliar environments to distract you, no pressure to follow other people’s facial expressions or worry about eye contact. “With Minecraft, you can really be yourself,” he said. To join Autocraft, you must fill out an application. Once approved, you are free to roam and build your own structures. You can also participate in team games or team building. However, you have to follow some rules. Harassing other players or destroying their property may get you banned. Joining a community like Autcraft can be a good first step towards feeling less socially anxious and more social, says Elizabeth Laugeson, director of the PEERs clinic at the University of California, Los Angeles. The server also caught the attention of Kate Ringland at the University of California, Irvine. She sees Autocraft not just as another online community, but as a tool to help children with autism practice social skills. “There is a lot of thinking going on,” she said. “Autcraft is supporting a lot of social behavior.” What is the best title for the passage? A. Beating autism: the story of a Canadian web developer B. Minecraft: luck for children with autism C. Minecraft and Autcraft: identical? D. Children with autism are bullied: problems to be solved Summary: The passage is about a game that helps children with autism integrate and learn social skills invented by a Canadian web founder named Stuart Duncan. ==> Beating autism: the story of a Canadian web developer → Choose answer A

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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. He hasn’t changed his Facebook avatar for 3 years.

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He needs to do the homework before going out with his friends,_______?

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hoi/a-discover-b-invention-c-bateria-d-obstacle-680028.html – Question and Answer English online

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 39 to 43. Most Americans say they know at least some of their neighbors, but only about three-in- ten says they know all or most of them. Rural residents are more likely than those in urban or suburban areas to say they know all or most of their neighbors, but they don’t necessarily interact with their neighbors more than their counterparts in other community types. Overall, Americans tend to be trusting of their neighbors, but this is particularly the case in suburban and rural areas. About six-in-ten in these types of community say they have a neighbor they would trust with a key to their home, compared with about half in urban areas. The longer people have lived in their community, the more likely they are to have a neighbor they will trust with a key to their home. But even among those who reported that they have lived in their community for less than one year, 34% said they would be comfortable with a neighbor having their keys. Meanwhile, 64% of those who have lived in their community for six or more years and 47% of those who have done so for one to five years say the same. Those who own their home are more likely than renters to say they would be comfortable with a neighbor having a set of keys to their home (67% vs. 45%). When asked to describe their neighbors, people in rural areas are far more likely than those in cities and suburbs to say all or most of their neighbors share their race or ethnicity. Suburbanites are somewhat more likely than their urban and rural counterparts to say their neighbors are the same social class as they are, while relatively few across community types say all or most of their neighbors share their political views. (Adapted from https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/)

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